Monday, April 24, 2017

BREAKING: Arkansas executes Jack Harold Jones after Supreme Court denies stay of execution request

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  Arkansas executed Jones, 52, on Monday who was one of the eight inmates who were scheduled to be put to death in the state before the April 30 expiration of one of its lethal injection drugs. The situation has drawn condemnation from across the country, as critics assert that the rush to put the inmates to death is preventing them from adequate legal review. The high court stepped in to review the case of Marcel Williams, who faces the death penalty tonight, after a U.S. District Court rejected a request to reopen the federal murder case because Williams' lawyers failed to investigate and introduce to the jury details of his troubled childhood.

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JPL News - Day in Review

NASA JPL latest news release
Cassini Completes Final -- and Fateful -- Titan Flyby

NASA's Cassini spacecraft has had its last close brush with Saturn's hazy moon Titan and is now beginning its final set of 22 orbits around the ringed planet.

The spacecraft made its 127th and final close approach to Titan on April 21 at 11:08 p.m. PDT (2:08 a.m. EDT on April 22), passing at an altitude of about 608 miles (979 kilometers) above the moon's surface.

Cassini transmitted its images and other data to Earth following the encounter. Scientists with Cassini's radar investigation will be looking this week at their final set of new radar images of the hydrocarbon seas and lakes that spread across Titan's north polar region. The planned imaging coverage includes a region previously seen by Cassini's imaging cameras, but not by radar. The radar team also plans to use the new data to probe the depths and compositions of some of Titan's small lakes for the first (and last) time, and look for further evidence of the evolving feature researchers have dubbed the "magic island."

"Cassini's up-close exploration of Titan is now behind us, but the rich volume of data the spacecraft has collected will fuel scientific study for decades to come," said Linda Spilker, the mission's project scientist at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California.

Gateway to the Grand Finale

The flyby also put Cassini on course for its dramatic last act, known as the Grand Finale. As the spacecraft passed over Titan, the moon's gravity bent its path, reshaping the robotic probe's orbit slightly so that instead of passing just outside Saturn's main rings, Cassini will begin a series of 22 dives between the rings and the planet on April 26. The mission will conclude with a science-rich plunge into Saturn's atmosphere on Sept. 15.

"With this flyby we're committed to the Grand Finale," said Earl Maize, Cassini project manager at JPL. "The spacecraft is now on a ballistic path, so that even if we were to forgo future small course adjustments using thrusters, we would still enter Saturn's atmosphere on Sept. 15 no matter what."

Cassini received a large increase in velocity of approximately 1,925 mph (precisely 860.5 meters per second) with respect to Saturn from the close encounter with Titan.

After buzzing Titan, Cassini coasted onward, reaching the farthest point in its orbital path around Saturn at 8:46 p.m. PDT (11:46 p.m. EDT) on April 22. This point, called apoapse, is where each new Cassini lap around Saturn begins. Technically, Cassini began its Grand Finale orbits at this time, but since the excitement of the finale begins in earnest on April 26 with the first ultra-close dive past Saturn, the mission is celebrating the latter milestone as the formal beginning of the finale.

The spacecraft's first finale dive will take place on April 26 at 2 a.m. PDT (5 a.m. EDT). The spacecraft will be out of contact during the dive and for about a day afterward while it makes science observations from close to the planet. The earliest time Cassini is scheduled to make radio contact with Earth is 12:05 a.m. PDT (3:05 a.m. EDT) on April 27. Images and other data are expected to begin flowing in shortly after communication is established.

A new narrated, 360-degree animated video gives viewers a sense of what it might be like to fly alongside Cassini as it makes one of its Grand Finale dives.

More information about Cassini's Grand Finale, including image and video resources, is available at:

More information about Cassini's final Titan flyby is available at:

The Cassini-Huygens mission is a cooperative project of NASA, ESA (European Space Agency) and the Italian Space Agency. NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of Caltech in Pasadena, manages the mission for NASA's Science Mission Directorate, Washington. JPL designed, developed and assembled the Cassini orbiter.

More information about the Cassini mission:


NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory | | NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory | 4800 Oak Grove Dr | Pasadena, CA 91109

How Aging Affects Your Eyes

Nanoparticles reprogram immune cells to fight cancer

04/24/2017 05:57 PM EDT

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In a proof-of-principle study published in Nature NanotechnologyDr. Matthias Stephan and other researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center showed that nanoparticle-programmed immune cells, known as T cells, can clear or slow the progression of leukemia in a preclinical model.

Full story at

Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

This is an NSF News From the Field item.

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Morning Mail: Anzac Day, Dutton demands apology from media over Manus Island, Q&A recap

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Guardian Australia's Morning Mail
Tuesday 25 April 2017
Anzac Day

Malcolm Turnbull meets Australian troops serving at Camp Qargha near Kabul.

Good morning, and welcome to the Morning Mail.

Among the stories leading our website this morning: ahead of Anzac Day, prime minister Malcolm Turnbull has visited Australian troops serving in Iraq and Afghanistan, while Bill Shorten is visiting Papua New Guinea for Anzac day commemorations. As well as meeting Australian special forces troops, Turnbull also met with Iraqi prime minister Haider Al-Abadi in Baghdad, Afghan president Ashraf Ghani in Kabul, and US Secretary of Defense James Mattis.

Keep reading for the rest of the top stories this morning, with more news from around Australia and the world.


Peter Dutton demands apology from media over Manus controversy
Immigration ministers says ABC and Fairfax relied on 'discredited' witness and he stands by his account of the causes of violence '100%'

Adani coalmine at heightened risk of becoming a stranded asset, report says
Carmichael project likely to be 'cash flow negative' for most of its operating life, according to Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis

Voters want skilled migrants to stay, but like citizenship hurdles – Guardian Essential poll
Supporters of all political parties like the idea of tougher citizenship barriers, while support for Tony Abbott, MP, is dropping

Full-time becoming a fantasy as Australians work fewer hours than ever before
Full-time work was once the norm but in March a record 17% of all hours worked was done by part-time employees

Barack Obama steps back into public spotlight: 'So what's been going on?'
The former president, who avoided saying Donald Trump's name during Chicago speech, vowed to help young people get more active in politics and public service

Australian news and politics

Coalition open to government underwriting cyclone insurance
A government mutual fund could provide Queenslanders with compulsory basic cyclone cover, in combination with private insurance for other natural disasters

Q&A: Germaine Greer says fear of 'caricature of Islam' behind citizenship changes
Alex Hawke denies Turnbull government's changes about religion or race but about the need to 'assimilate and integrate'

Australia 'committed to' China extradition treaty, but opposition has heard nothing
Labor says there has been no fresh approach from the Coalition after it shelved the treaty ratification last month

Boy, 12, trying to drive across Australia 'crashed' car before he was pulled over after 1,300km
Boy apparently drove across New South Wales alone before police stopped his family's car, which they say was damaged

Andrew Forrest accused of lack of transparency over ad for cashless welfare card
Minderoo Foundation disseminates ad promoting cashless welfare card without disclosing Forrest's role as its chairman

'Enough is enough': universities tell government to back off after $4bn in budget cuts
Tertiary education sector says students 'have already done more than their fair share of budget repair'

Don Dale detainees escaped after litany of security blunders, review finds
Report reveals it was 45 minutes before staff become aware of Josiah Binsaris and Trey Mawson's escape

Around the world

Pollsters breathe sigh of relief after calling French election right
France's polling institutes not only got the result of Sunday's first round right, they did so with remarkable accuracy

Eastern Europe failing on Jewish restitution pledges, study finds
Poland in particular accused of not meeting Terezin declaration promises on mass theft during Holocaust and communist eras

Israeli teen accused of 2,000 bomb hoax calls and blackmail
Michael Kadar, US-Israeli citizen arrested over alleged bomb threats, faces charges over international calls and attempt to blackmail Delaware senator

Japan to exceed bluefin tuna quota amid warnings of commercial extinction
Conservationists call on Japan to abide by fishing agreements after reports annual quota will be exceeded two months early

Libya's warring sides reach diplomatic breakthrough in Rome
Compromise is brokered between presidents of house of representatives and state council after years of fighting

One last thing

Collingwood captain Scott Pendlebury and his Essendon counterpart Dyson Heppell prepare for the AFL Anzac Day game. Photograph: Michael Dodge/Getty Images

On Anzac Day, the AFL should pause and reflect that sport is not war Anzac Day has a different meaning to each and every Australian, but football should acknowledge that sport and war are not analogous endeavours. Mick Malthouse really could have shortened his gambit to a single apt line about today's game: "Four points will be at stake, not lives." Have an excellent day and if you spot something I've missed, let me know on Twitter at @earleyedition.
The Guardian
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Could Your Digestion Issues Be IBS?

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Monday, April 24, 2017
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Could Your Digestion Issues Be IBS?

Do belly pain and diarrhea return again and again? They could be signs of IBS. We explain the symptoms and ways it can be treated.
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